What is activated carbon?     
          
Activated carbons are manufactured from coconut shell, peat, hard and soft wood, lignite coal, bituminous coal, olive pits and various specialty materials. Manufactured by chemical or high temperature steam activation, this highly porous adsorptive medium has a complex structure that is composed primarily of carbon atoms. Its network of pores within a rigid carbon skeleton consists of disordered layers of carbon atoms which are linked together by random chemical or carbon bonds.
    
These carbon layers are stacked unevenly, creating a structure with various shaped and sized cavities between the carbon layers. The basic mechanism through which activated carbon removes impurities from gases or liquids through which activated carbon removes impurities from gases or liquids through the attraction of molecules into this network of pores is referred to as adsorption. Adsorption is the key to the performance of activated carbon.

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